Even though presence of lgbt figures might have increased recently on both commercial broadcast and cable systems, it really is uncertain just just how usually television addresses the intimate problems and issues of intimate minorities.
As noted early in the day, when homosexual and characters that are lesbian been incorporated into programs, they’ve frequently been portrayed in asexual contexts. Furthermore, the majority of just what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and tv happens to be qualitative (including solitary show instance studies), concentrating on just just how certain programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually examined the quantity of sexual content shown on tv generally speaking (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et al., 1993; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported from the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual issues regarding gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.
This paper is targeted on factors evaluating nonheterosexual content that had been included included in two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US tv. Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv seasons are acclimatized to respond to questions in regards to the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and talk that is sexual to nonheterosexuals. Particularly, the information analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) as to what extent are nonheterosexual intimate themes, especially intimate behavior and speak about sex, present in tv development general and just exactly just what habits emerge across system genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content does happen, what exactly is its regularity and exactly how does it vary across genres, kind of system, and prime time versus nonprime time development?
A 3 composite week sampling plan was utilized to get two big annual random examples of tv programs of greatest interest to adolescents and that were inclusive of all portions for the tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 broadcast that is commercial (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable sites (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). Because the content analyses had been element of a more substantial research study on tv visibility and adolescent sexuality, a few sites had been included for their interest young audiences including UPN, which televises a substantial amount of programs with young African American characters (age.g., The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One using one); WB, which tailors its development to white youth, with programs such as for example Gilmore Girls, 7th paradise, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which ultimately shows music videos as well as other programs (age.g., dating truth programs) watched by many people teens and adults.
Composite week sampling designs have now been utilized in past analysis that is content to have representative types of tv development (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997).
This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily picking times of the week or particular time slots for recording over many weeks to cut back prospective bias that might be introduced if all taping had been done in just a calendar week that is single. Recording associated with the test happened primarily over a 7 period in the fall each year week. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the entire thirty days of September, we began taping as soon as all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the present period. Each week, three various times of the week had been arbitrarily chosen for taping from all 11 channels, along with 7 days regarding the week represented 3 x into the test. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (at which time youth that is most are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (like those which is why the satellite sign ended up being lost or perhaps the show was pre empted by sporting or other events that are special proceeded through the winter season.